Surrogacy has been an accepted treatment for infertility in Russia since 1993. Russian law considers sexuality as a private matter and not the subject of enquiry. The surrogate is permitted to be compensated provided there is a properly executed Gestational Carrier Agreement.
Our surrogacy program in Russia is directly and closely supervised with the assistance of our local team members on the ground in Moscow and St Petersburg. The program is open to straight couples and single men and single women. The surrogate is permitted to be compensated provided there is a properly executed Gestational Carrier Agreement. The contract needs to be signed before a local notary public. IPs also need to execute a power of attorney giving authority to our Russian lawyers to enter into arrangements with the clinic and surrogate in Russia.
We provide a total solution – recruitment, screening and management of surrogates, all medical services, including prenatal check-ups, births and paediatric services, in-country legal services, administration and coordination of travel and accommodation, registered birth certificate and applications for citizenship and passport for the Child based on IPs nationality. The all-inclusive package will make your journey less stressful. Our program offers an affordable price at a fixed cost. The program includes all medical costs, all necessary embryo transfers from one egg donor cycle, a new surrogate if necessary and all the Child’s medical treatment at no extra cost. The only additional cost, if necessary, will be for medication for your surrogate or child during any hospitalisation. The costs of medication are relatively low – tens of Euros, not hundreds.
Our clinic will transfer up to two embryos at a time subject to medical advice in your particular case and considering the medical and physical condition of the surrogate mother, and of course, her consent. Once you have joined the program and completed all documentation, the first embryo transfer could happen within a month.
All women applying to be a gestational carrier are rigorously screened to assess their psychological, uterine and basic overall health. The surrogates need to have at least one child and the age range varies from 19-35. Only gestational surrogacy (where the surrogate mother does not use her eggs) is permitted. If the IPs are not able to create embryos with their own genetic material, third-party donors are available through our program. In Russia it is allowed for both donor eggs and donor sperm to be used so that there is no biological link between the IPs and the Child.
IPs will complete a profile and biography and a FaceTime or Skype video conference will be held with our team members and the clinic doctors before they are matched with a surrogate. IPs will be asked questions regarding their needs and requirements and we will explain the different financial, legal and administrative aspects of the surrogacy process. Some of the documentation which must be produced and signed needs to be notarised and/or apostilled. We will assist and guide you through that process to ensure the documentation is right the first time.
Once you have approved your proposed surrogate she will be scheduled for medical appointments and a stimulation protocol will commence. The embryo transfer can occur very quickly after your surrogate has been confirmed. Twelve days after the transfer, a blood test will be carried out to determine whether or not the surrogate is pregnant. In case of a negative test result, we will continue to transfer embryos, one at the time, into a new surrogate until it leads to a positive test result.
When pregnancy is achieved, the medical team will monitor the progress of the surrogate and keep you updated every step of the way. There is no need for you to fly over to Russia to check up on the progress of the pregnancy, but of course you are welcome to do so at anytime on reasonable notice. We take care of everything for you. We will update you regularly, all test results and scans will be sent to you and we will organize video conferences with the surrogate with a translator. If you want to fly over to visit our team or your surrogate you will be welcomed by the local team / case manager. We will assist you and make your stay as stress-free and comfortable as possible.
The surrogates do not generally work during the pregnancy and will be compensated during their time off. They will spend their time at home surrounded by their family. The medical team and nurses will have contact with each surrogate at least once a week. All surrogates live close to a hospital. If closer monitoring is required, we will offer them an apartment close to the medical facilities.
As your journey approaches its conclusion the doctor will give you an updated Estimated Date of Delivery (“EDD“) and we will coordinate your Russian visa, if necessary, and your arrival in Moscow, or the relevant Russian city. It is important to know that deliveries cannot be calculated with 100% certainty. If the doctor has scheduled a caesarean delivery then you will know exactly when the baby will be delivered. We will have a driver collect you from the airport and take you to your accommodation and thereafter drive you between the accommodation and hospital as required.
After the birth of your child, we will assist you with finding a fully furnished apartment for one month. This will allow you to adapt to your new status as a parent. As long as you remain in Russia, we will ensure you are being taken care of.
If you are requiring an egg donor, the total services necessary to create your embryos are provided by our team.
The egg donors go through an extensive medical screening. They will be tested for STDs, genetic conditions, immunohematology and haematology. They will also be questioned about family medical history, education, specific talents and interests. Most donors have previously given birth to a healthy child and are aged between 18 and 32. The information that will be available to you is the following: eye and hair colour, height, weight, age, blood type and Rh factor. The donor may disclose additional information such as work experience, interests and talents and educational background. Some donors will agree to provide photographs of themselves and their families. Based on their profile, you will be able to make an informed decision and find the most suitable donor. You start the process by completing our “Donor Characteristics Form” so that we can offer you suitable egg donor profiles to consider.
Throughout your journey, all communication is with us and our nominated team members in Moscow. We will be the project managers for your journey.
All instalments in the program will be the subject of an invoice from Global Surrogacy Inc and you will be given some options as to the currency in which you pay those invoices. We will only accept bank transfers but may accept credit cards with the application of a surcharge.
At around month 7 of the pregnancy we will start talking to you about your travel plans and prepare your citizenship and passport applications.
Immediately after the birth of your child we will assist you in obtaining your birth certificate and will help you to prepare your citizenship application, application for DNA testing and forward the completed passport application to you for your lodgement. You will be given detailed and complete instructions on how to prepare all documentation and the steps you must take.
Passport applications will in most cases need to be lodged in person by the IPs at their closest embassy.
The practical step-by-step process of surrogacy in Russia is as follows:
Global Surrogacy offers a modern, flexible and affordable program, operating in Russia, Ukraine and Georgia. We utilize the public health care system and the premier private IVF clinics in Moscow and St Petersburg. These clinics and the doctors working there have broad-ranging experience, qualifications and professional connections with European and North American IVF clinics and Universities. Russian surrogacy laws are now well established and the entire program has been running smoothly for some years.
Our Global Surrogacy Russia surrogacy program is for practical purposes a FIXED FEE program. We will discuss your particular circumstances with you and then provide you with a total package price set out as a payment schedule. We will include any options that you have selected and apart from contingencies (eg: twins, caesarean delivery) there will be no additional costs. All of our packages include the transfer of all embryos created from your egg donor or own cycle as is necessary to achieve a healthy birth. Our packages include some UNLIMITED cost items that are calculated based on a 10 month pregnancy and if your journey goes beyond 10 months because of multiple embryo transfer attempts or a miscarriage we do not charge you again for those items. The only additional costs you will incur will be for additional egg donor cycles or additional surrogate monthly living fees. The total price includes all fees payable to the surrogate, egg donors, lawyers, agencies and the Clinic.
For married couples the approximate total package price for an Egg Donor Russia Surrogacy Program is € 79,000. If you want to undergo IVF with your own gametes or ship frozen embryos then the Married Couple total package price is €72,000. Our Agreement also includes a comprehensive price list for optional (eg: PGD, Private Hospital Birth) and contingency services (eg: twins, caesarean delivery). These packages include unlimited embryo transfers using all the embryos you have or can provide and there are no additional fees for medication.
A Court Order is necessary if the Intended Parents are not legally married of if he or she is a single parent.
The child will NOT gain Russian citizenship. The child will need to obtain a passport from the country of its Intended Parents.
The surrogate mother also enjoys the right to privacy under Greek law and these two considerations would be in conflict here and the outcome would be determined on the facts of the particular case.
Both altruistic and commercial surrogacy are legal in Russia. Commercial surrogacy acquired legal status in 1993. It is now regulated by the Federal Law on the Basics of Health protection for Citizens of the Russian federation (2012), which describes surrogacy as a contractual arrangement between intending or commissioning parents and a gestational surrogate. This means that ‘traditional’ surrogacy is not legal in Russia. Surrogates cannot use their own oocyte as part of an agreement. Commissioning parents must provide their own gametes, or use gametes otherwise acquired.
Gamete donation is legal in Russia. When applying to use donated gametes or embryos, intended parents have the right to access information about a donor – including information about their medical history or physical appearance.
All adults can access surrogacy related treatment procedures in Russia, regardless of their marital status or nationality.
Federal legislation expressly vests married or de facto couples, and single women, with the right to engage in surrogacy arrangements. That legislation is silent on the rights of single men. However, Russian Courts have made clear that single men share an equal right to enter into surrogacy agreements.
While all adults therefore enjoy the right to enter surrogacy agreements in Russia, an agreement can only be implemented if certain ‘indications’ are met. Those indications are outlined by the Russian Healthcare Ministry Order, and include a long list of medical conditions – including congenital or acquired malformations and illnesses, and repeatedly failed IVF attempts.
One such indication is the congenital absence of a uterus. This indication has traditionally furnished the grounds by which single men have accessed surrogacy related treatment procedures.
The federal Russian healthcare law outlines who can be a surrogate, and in what circumstances. A surrogate must be between 20 and 35 years of age. She must be healthy, and have at least one child of her own. Her nationality and marital status are not relevant, although if she is married, her spouse must consent to the agreement in writing.
Voluntary and informed consent to act as a surrogate must also be given in writing. That consent usually forms part of a Gestational Surrogacy Agreement. Under federal Russian healthcare law, it is always a good idea for a surrogacy agreement to be concluded in writing.
Article 16 of the Federal Law on the Registration of Civil Status regulates the out-of-court process by which children born through surrogacy agreements are registered upon birth. Commissioning parents can be registered as the legal parents of their child once they have obtained the written consent of the surrogate, expressly for this purpose.
Neither adoption nor Court consent is required. Once a surrogate has given her consent in writing, the names of the intended parents can be registered on the child’s birth certificate. This usually happens within 3 to 5 days after the child’s birth. At this point, the surrogate irrevocably loses all rights to the child. There is no way to contest parenthood or custody.
This process is regulated by article 51 of the Russian Family Code. It provides that:
“Married couples who have given their consent in written form to the implantation of an embryo in another woman to achieve pregnancy may be entered as parents of the child, only with the consent of the woman who gave birth to the child.”
Where intended or commissioning parents are not married, their names can be entered into the official births register in accordance with article 5 of the Code. In cases of this sort, Court consent may be required.
Currently, there is no legal mechanism in Russia to obtain a birth certificate that lists two men or two women as a child’s legal parents. In light of this reality, and political developments in Russia affecting the LGBT community, it is generally advised that same sex couples be treated as single intended parents.